Modal Dialog

A dialog is a window overlaid on either the primary window or another dialog window. Content behind a modal dialog is inert, meaning that users cannot interact with it.

🚨 Version (v1.0.0) introduced a breaking change to this component's API. Kindly update accordingly.


Chakra exports 7 components to help you create any modal dialog.

  • Modal: The wrapper that provides context for its children.
  • ModalOverlay: The dimmed overlay behind the modal dialog.
  • ModalContent: The container for the modal dialog's content.
  • ModalHeader: The header that labels the modal dialog.
  • ModalFooter: The footer that houses the modal actions.
  • ModalBody: The wrapper that houses the modal's main content.
  • ModalCloseButton: The button that closes the modal.
import {
} from "@chakra-ui/react"


When the modal opens, focus is sent into the modal and set to the first tabbable element. If there are no tabbled elements, focus is set on ModalContent.

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Control Focus when Modal closes#

When the dialog closes, it returns focus to the element that triggered it. Set finalFocusRef to change the element that should receive focus when the modal closes.

Some other content that'll receive focus on close.
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Block Scrolling when Modal opens#

For accessibility, it is recommended to block scrolling on the main document behind the modal. Chakra does this by default but you can set blockScrollOnMount to false to allow scrolling behind the modal.

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Focus on specific element#

Chakra automatically sets focus on the first tabbable element in the modal. However, there might be scenarios where you need to manually control where focus goes.

Chakra provides 2 props for this use case:

  • initialFocusRef: The ref of the component that receives focus when the modal opens.
  • finalFocusRef: The ref of the component that receives focus when the modal closes.

If you set finalFocusRef, internally we set returnFocusOnClose to false so it doesn't return focus to the element that triggered it.

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Close Modal on Overlay Click#

By default, the modal closes when you click its overlay. You can set closeOnOverlayClick to false if you want the modal to stay visible.

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Make modal vertically centered#

By default the modal has a vertical offset of 3.75rem which you can change by passing top to the ModalContent. If you need to vertically center the modal, pass the isCentered prop.

If the content within the modal overflows beyond the viewport, don't use this prop. Try setting the overflow behavior instead.

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Changing the transition#

The Modal comes with a scale transition by default but you can change it by passing a motionPreset prop, and set its value to either slideInBottom, slideInRight, scale or none.

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If the content within the modal overflows beyond the viewport, you can use the scrollBehavior to control how scrolling should happen.

  • If set to inside, scroll only occurs within the ModalBody.
  • If set to outside, the entire ModalContent will scroll within the viewport.
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Pass the size prop if you need to adjust the size of the modal. Values can be xs, sm, md, lg, xl, or full.

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Making other elements Inert#

When the modal is open, it is rendered within a portal and all its siblings have aria-hidden set to true so the only thing screen readers see is the modal. To disable this behavior, set useInert to false.

Prevent focus trapping#

By default the modal, alert dialog and drawer locks the focus inside them. Normally this is what you want to maintain accessibility standards.

While strongly discourage this use case due to the accessibility impacts, there are certain situations where you might not want the modal to trap focus.

To prevent focus trapping, pass trapFocus and set its value to false.


Keyboard and Focus Management#

  • When the modal opens, focus is trapped within it.
  • When the modal opens, focus is automatically set to the first enabled element, or the element from initialFocusRef.
  • When the modal closes, focus returns to the element that was focused before the modal activated, or the element from finalFocusRef.
  • Clicking on the overlay closes the Modal.
  • Pressing Esc closes the Modal.
  • Scrolling is blocked on the elements behind the modal.
  • The modal is rendered in a portal attached to the end of document.body to break it out of the source order and make it easy to add aria-hidden to its siblings.


  • The ModalContent has aria-modal set to true.
  • The ModalContent has aria-labelledby set to the id of the ModalHeader.
  • The ModalContent has aria-describedby set to the id of the ModalBody.


isOpenrequiredbooleanIf `true`, the modal will be open.-
onCloserequired() => voidCallback invoked to close the modal.-
allowPinchZoombooleanHandle zoom/pinch gestures on iOS devices when scroll locking is enabled. Defaults to `false`.-
autoFocusbooleanIf `true`, the modal will autofocus the first enabled and interactive element within the `ModalContent`true
blockScrollOnMountbooleanIf `true`, scrolling will be disabled on the `body` when the modal opens.true
closeOnEscbooleanIf `true`, the modal will close when the `Esc` key is pressedtrue
closeOnOverlayClickbooleanIf `true`, the modal will close when the overlay is clickedtrue
colorScheme"blue" | "cyan" | "gray" | "green" | "orange" | "pink" | "purple" | "red" | "teal" | "yellow" | "whiteAlpha" | "blackAlpha" | "linkedin" | "facebook" | "messenger" | "whatsapp" | "twitter" | "telegram"Color Schemes for Modal are not implemented in the default theme. You can extend the theme to implement them.-
finalFocusRefRefObject<FocusableElement>The `ref` of element to receive focus when the modal closes.-
idstringThe `id` of the modal-
initialFocusRefRefObject<FocusableElement>The `ref` of element to receive focus when the modal opens.-
isCenteredbooleanIf `true`, the modal will be centered on screen.false
lockFocusAcrossFramesbooleanEnables aggressive focus capturing within iframes. - If `true`: keep focus in the lock, no matter where lock is active - If `false`: allows focus to move outside of iframe-
motionPreset"scale" | "none" | "slideInBottom" | "slideInRight"The transition that should be used for the modal-
onEsc(() => void)Callback fired when the escape key is pressed and focus is within modal-
onOverlayClick(() => void)Callback fired when the overlay is clicked.-
portalPropsPick<PortalProps, "appendToParentPortal" | "containerRef">Props to be forwarded to the portal component-
preserveScrollBarGapbooleanIf `true`, a `padding-right` will be applied to the body element that's equal to the width of the scrollbar. This can help prevent some unpleasant flickering effect and content adjustment when the modal opens-
returnFocusOnClosebooleanIf `true`, the modal will return focus to the element that triggered it when it closes.true
scrollBehavior"inside" | "outside"Where scroll behavior should originate. - If set to `inside`, scroll only occurs within the `ModalBody`. - If set to `outside`, the entire `ModalContent` will scroll within the viewport."outside"
size"sm" | "md" | "lg" | "xl" | "2xl" | "xs" | "3xl" | "4xl" | "5xl" | "6xl" | "full""md"
trapFocusbooleanIf `false`, focus lock will be disabled completely. This is useful in situations where you still need to interact with other surrounding elements. 🚨Warning: We don't recommend doing this because it hurts the accessibility of the modal, based on WAI-ARIA specifications.true
useInertbooleanA11y: If `true`, the siblings of the `modal` will have `aria-hidden` set to `true` so that screen readers can only see the `modal`. This is commonly known as making the other elements **inert**true
variantstringVariants for Modal are not implemented in the default theme. You can extend the theme to implement them.-

Other components#

  • ModalOverlay, ModalHeader, ModalFooter and ModalBody composes Box component.
  • ModalCloseButton composes CloseButton.