Drawer

The Drawer component is a panel that slides out from the edge of the screen. It can be useful when you need users to complete a task or view some details without leaving the current page.

    SourceTheme source@chakra-ui/modal

Import#

import {
Drawer,
DrawerBody,
DrawerFooter,
DrawerHeader,
DrawerOverlay,
DrawerContent,
DrawerCloseButton,
} from '@chakra-ui/react'

Usage#

Basic Drawer#

function DrawerExample() {
const { isOpen, onOpen, onClose } = useDisclosure()
const btnRef = React.useRef()
return (
<>
<Button ref={btnRef} colorScheme='teal' onClick={onOpen}>
Open
</Button>
<Drawer
isOpen={isOpen}
placement='right'
onClose={onClose}
finalFocusRef={btnRef}
>
<DrawerOverlay />
<DrawerContent>
<DrawerCloseButton />
<DrawerHeader>Create your account</DrawerHeader>
<DrawerBody>
<Input placeholder='Type here...' />
</DrawerBody>
<DrawerFooter>
<Button variant='outline' mr={3} onClick={onClose}>
Cancel
</Button>
<Button colorScheme='blue'>Save</Button>
</DrawerFooter>
</DrawerContent>
</Drawer>
</>
)
}

Drawer placement#

The Drawer can appear from any edge of the screen. Pass the placement prop and set it to top, right, bottom, or left.

function PlacementExample() {
const { isOpen, onOpen, onClose } = useDisclosure()
const [placement, setPlacement] = React.useState('right')
return (
<>
<RadioGroup defaultValue={placement} onChange={setPlacement}>
<Stack direction='row' mb='4'>
<Radio value='top'>Top</Radio>
<Radio value='right'>Right</Radio>
<Radio value='bottom'>Bottom</Radio>
<Radio value='left'>Left</Radio>
</Stack>
</RadioGroup>
<Button colorScheme='blue' onClick={onOpen}>
Open
</Button>
<Drawer placement={placement} onClose={onClose} isOpen={isOpen}>
<DrawerOverlay />
<DrawerContent>
<DrawerHeader borderBottomWidth='1px'>Basic Drawer</DrawerHeader>
<DrawerBody>
<p>Some contents...</p>
<p>Some contents...</p>
<p>Some contents...</p>
</DrawerBody>
</DrawerContent>
</Drawer>
</>
)
}

Focus on specific element#

When a form is in the drawer, you might need to set focus on a specific element when the drawer opens. Pass the initialFocusRef prop.

Without the initialFocusRef prop, the drawer will set focus on the first focusable element when it opens.

function DrawerExample() {
const { isOpen, onOpen, onClose } = useDisclosure()
const firstField = React.useRef()
return (
<>
<Button leftIcon={<AddIcon />} colorScheme='teal' onClick={onOpen}>
Create user
</Button>
<Drawer
isOpen={isOpen}
placement='right'
initialFocusRef={firstField}
onClose={onClose}
>
<DrawerOverlay />
<DrawerContent>
<DrawerCloseButton />
<DrawerHeader borderBottomWidth='1px'>
Create a new account
</DrawerHeader>
<DrawerBody>
<Stack spacing='24px'>
<Box>
<FormLabel htmlFor='username'>Name</FormLabel>
<Input
ref={firstField}
id='username'
placeholder='Please enter user name'
/>
</Box>
<Box>
<FormLabel htmlFor='url'>Url</FormLabel>
<InputGroup>
<InputLeftAddon>http://</InputLeftAddon>
<Input
type='url'
id='url'
placeholder='Please enter domain'
/>
<InputRightAddon>.com</InputRightAddon>
</InputGroup>
</Box>
<Box>
<FormLabel htmlFor='owner'>Select Owner</FormLabel>
<Select id='owner' defaultValue='segun'>
<option value='segun'>Segun Adebayo</option>
<option value='kola'>Kola Tioluwani</option>
</Select>
</Box>
<Box>
<FormLabel htmlFor='desc'>Description</FormLabel>
<Textarea id='desc' />
</Box>
</Stack>
</DrawerBody>
<DrawerFooter borderTopWidth='1px'>
<Button variant='outline' mr={3} onClick={onClose}>
Cancel
</Button>
<Button colorScheme='blue'>Submit</Button>
</DrawerFooter>
</DrawerContent>
</Drawer>
</>
)
}

Drawer Widths#

Pass the size prop if you need to adjust the size of the drawer. Values can be xs, sm, md, lg, xl, or full.

function SizeExample() {
const [size, setSize] = React.useState('')
const { isOpen, onOpen, onClose } = useDisclosure()
const handleClick = (newSize) => {
setSize(newSize)
onOpen()
}
const sizes = ['xs', 'sm', 'md', 'lg', 'xl', 'full']
return (
<>
{sizes.map((size) => (
<Button
onClick={() => handleClick(size)}
key={size}
m={4}
>{`Open ${size} Drawer`}</Button>
))}
<Drawer onClose={onClose} isOpen={isOpen} size={size}>
<DrawerOverlay />
<DrawerContent>
<DrawerCloseButton />
<DrawerHeader>{`${size} drawer contents`}</DrawerHeader>
<DrawerBody>
<p>
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do
eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.
Consequat nisl vel pretium lectus quam id. Semper quis lectus
nulla at volutpat diam ut venenatis. Dolor morbi non arcu risus
quis varius quam quisque. Massa ultricies mi quis hendrerit dolor
magna eget est lorem. Erat imperdiet sed euismod nisi porta.
Lectus vestibulum mattis ullamcorper velit.
</p>
</DrawerBody>
</DrawerContent>
</Drawer>
</>
)
}

Using a form in a Drawer#

If you need to put a form within the Drawer, you might need to use to form validation library like react-hook-form or formik. Here's the recommended way to do it:

Because the button is located outside the form, you can leverage its native HTML form attribute and refer to the id of the form.

export const App = () => {
const { isOpen, onOpen, onClose } = useDisclosure()
return (
<>
<Button onClick={onOpen}>Open</Button>
<Drawer isOpen={isOpen} onClose={onClose}>
<DrawerOverlay />
<DrawerContent>
<DrawerCloseButton />
<DrawerHeader>Create your account</DrawerHeader>
<DrawerBody>
<form
id='my-form'
onSubmit={(e) => {
e.preventDefault()
console.log('submitted')
}}
>
<Input name='nickname' placeholder='Type here...' />
</form>
</DrawerBody>
<DrawerFooter>
<Button type='submit' form='my-form'>
Save
</Button>
</DrawerFooter>
</DrawerContent>
</Drawer>
</>
)
}

Accessibility#

  • When opening the Drawer, focus is trapped inside the Drawer.
  • By default, the drawer sets focus on the first focusable element. If the initialFocusRef prop is passed, the drawer sets focus on the element with the assigned ref.
  • After the drawer closes, it'll return focus to the element that triggered it.
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